Cave Conservation and Management Section Bylaws --Conservation Section Home

I.†††††† Membership

A. Application for membership shall be in writing and accompanied by dues for one (1) year.

B. Membership in this Cave Conservation and Management Section shall be classified as follows: Regular, Associate and Organizational

(1) Regular Members are individuals who are members in good standing of the National Speleological Society, Inc.; may vote, hold office and receive any and all publications of the Section, and have access to all the Sectionís records and data.

(2) Associate Members are those individuals who are not members of the NSS but who have an interest in furthering the goals of this Section. Associate members have all the privileges of regular members except they may not hold office, or serve as committee chairman,

(3) Organizational Members are incorporated or unincorporated entities, other than individuals, whose interests or activities are related to Cave Management. Organizational Members will have the same privileges as Regular Members except the right to hold office and serve as committee chairman.

II.†††† Dues

A. The membership dues of the Section shall be established by the Executive Committee at the annual meeting,

B. No change may be made in the dues at the same meeting that such change is proposed.

III††† Executive Committee - Officers

A. The Executive Committee shall consist of the six (9) elected officers of the Section.

B. Officers of the Section shall be: President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer and five (5) Officers-at-large.

The officers of the Section shall be elected by the members present at the annual meeting, held during the annual convention of the NSS. The term of office of the Officers shall be for one (1) year, commencing immediately after their election.

C. The Committee shall fill any vacancies that occur during a term.

D. The Executive Committee may be convened by action of the Officers, by the President, or by petition of at least five (5) Regular Members of the Section. The President of the Section, or the Vice President in his/her absence, shall preside at meetings of the Executive Committee and shall have the power of voting in case of a tie. Two-thirds of the officers shall constitute a quorum at meetings of the Executive Committee.

E. Any Officer of the Section may appoint a qualified member of the Section as a proxy to act for him/her at a designated meeting as defined in Section III-B, D above. Proxy may act at one meeting for only one Officer. The presiding officer must be notified of such proxy appointment prior to the meeting, or proxy should file written authorization at the time of meeting from his principal. Proxy should state whether or not discretionary voting powers have been given proxy.

F. An Officer does not have the right to appoint a substitute for his/her Office.

G. Any member of the Section, Committee Chairman, or other interested persons, may attend meetings of the Executive Committee, contribute to discussions relevant to Section business, make reports at the request of the Executive Committee, but shall have no vote.

H. All actions of the Committee shall be recorded by the Secretary and forwarded to all members of the Section within two (2) weeks of such actions.

I. Two-thirds of the Regular Members of the Section may challenge actions taken by the Executive Committee by petition within thirty (30) days of notification of such action. The Executive Committee may answer such petition by reconsideration of the issue by telephone conference or in writing, the results of which must be detailed by letter to the members within 60 days of receipt of the petition.

J. The duties of the Officers shall be those usually associated with the respective offices, and such additional responsibilities as may be designated by the Executive Committee.

K. Robertís Rules of Order, as revised, shall govern all procedural questions arising at meetings of the Executive Committee.

L. Special meetings of the Executive Committee may be called by any officer at such times and places as approved by the Executive Committee. The entire membership shall be sent notices as to the date, place and purpose of any such mi at least two weeks in advance thereof.

N. Any regular member may submit items for consideration to the Executive Committee In writing or in person at any meeting of the Committee.

IV. Permanent Committees

A. Permanent Committees shall be established to execute the work of the Section. The Chairman of the Permanent Committees shall be appointed by the President with the approval of the Executive Committee. E Chairman shall be responsible for selecting the personnel and promoting the activities of his/her Committee. Other temporary committees may beí appointed by the President as required.

B. The duties of each Permanent Committee shall be to study, promote interest in, and work toward the advancement of all matters pertaining to its field of activity. Any question of conflicting jurisdiction o Committees shall be resolved by the President. For administrative purposes, the Executive Committee may divide the Permanent Committees into groups and designate an Officer of the Section to supervise the activities of each group.

V.††† Expulsion of Members

A. Members may be dropped or expelled from the Section for the following reasons:

(1) nonpayment of dues;

(2) conduct detrimental to the Cave Conservation and Management Section of the NSS;

(3) conduct detrimental to the NSS or

(4) any actions considered by the NSS to be subject to these actions.

B. Any member subject to expulsion may demand and will be granted a personal hearing before the Executive Committee.

Vl.††† Amendment of These By-Laws

A. These By-Laws may be amended only by (1) Unanimous approval of those present at an Executive Committee meeting at which three quarters of the Officers or their personally appointed proxies are present; or (2) Presenting the proposed amendments in writing to the Executive Committee at least one meeting prior to their consideration, or by mail to each member of the Executive Committee at least one month prior to their consideration, and approval by two-thirds of the Committee members or their personally appointed proxies present at the next Executive Committee meeting.